Tangible Benefits and People’s Bonding in International Film Production: The Case of Films Shot in Crete
Keywords:film locations, transnational cinema, European cinema, film coproductions, international cooperation
Since the late 1940s more than forty foreign films have been partially or fully shot on the Greek island of Crete. This article focuses on five of these films: Jules Dassin’s Celui qui doit mourir (1957), Ella Lemhagen’s Tsatsiki, morsan och polisen (1999), Costa-Gavras’s Eden à l’Ouest (2009), Çagan Irmak’s Dedemin İnsanları (2011), and Hossein Amini’s The Two Faces of January (2014). The article examines the effects of these productions on Cretan communities, their foreign producers and filmmakers, and their audiences around the world. As the research shows, these productions had many material benefits for local communities and foreign producers alike, and were equally important in bringing people from different backgrounds together and creating transnational bonds. Moreover, having been made within an international context, most of these films told stories of mutual respect and tolerance, thus becoming crucial in promoting international solidarity and advancing transnational cinema as a powerful vehicle for social awareness.